According to International Business Publication, Ibp (29), Riyadh town is the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; it is located in the centre of the country. The city which extends for approximately 600 square miles (1600 square kilometers) has population of more than 3 millions. The general population of Riyadh city is made up of 60% Saudis and other 40% representing the foreigners who have come for job opportunities. According to International Business Publication, Ibp (29), even though Arabic is the major out spoken language in the Saudi Arabia, Riyadh City has distinct Arabic language accent that accompany Najdi dialect. The Riyadh city has climate ranging from dry and hot during the summer season to cold in the winter with average temperature and rainfall of more than 28 degree Celsius and 15mm respectively. Moreover, the Riyadh desert conditions have resulted into its brittle sandstones cliffs with an altitude that arises from 200ft to 500ft above the sea level.

According to International Business Publication, Ibp (29), the city’s name “Riyadh” was derived from “rawdah,’’ an Arabic word that means “a place of gardens and trees.” It is noted that even though most of the former water courses known as Wadi have dried up, the Riyadh City has a good and efficient underground water supply system. This has not only enabled the continued supply of water to the inhabited populations, but it has improved irrigation schemes which have enhanced the agricultural in Riyadh fertile soil. Moreover, the Riyadh City, which plays a major role in the region due to its governance and security standards, is an epic of thriving commercial centre, especially in the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The write up discusses the Riyadh City, highlights its historical background and identifies what has led to its development. It also discusses the infrastructure component in the Riyadh City. Furthermore, the paper addresses both the governance structure and economic dependence of the city.

Background of Riyadh City

As pointed out in Ibp (29), Riyadh was the oasis in desert; this fact enabled the settlement of historical travelers in the region. Just like its current commercial independency, most of the travelers who settled in Riyadh were active tradesmen who flourished in barter trade from which it developed as commercial centre. According to the publication, Riyadh remained a significant commercial centre throughout time, as other Kingdoms rose and fell. From the onset of 1902 when Abdul bin Abdul Rehman seized Riyadh in forming a royal linage, the region established the seat of government and that of commercial, which, in turn, led to the establishment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

It is also noted in the Ibp (30) that the continued good governance structure and suitable trading environment made Riyadh to be the most preferred commercial centre, which, in turn, led to its development. According to the publication, all the Saudi states organs and ministries had been established in Riyadh city by 1955; since then it was pronounced the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. With the establishment of municipality in the Riyadh center, a responsible governance structure was created in the Riyadh center. It adequately managed the available resources enabling the funding of major economic development project, which, in turn, led to the modernization of Riyadh City.

Riyadh City Infrastructure

According to Janin and Besheer (15), Riyadh infrastructure composition displays the city as a splendor of modernized architecture. They note that the stepped up oil production and the improved oil revenues income since 1940s has enabled Riyadh City to develop as a major metropolitan centre, built out of modern infrastructure and effective transport system. They point out that the well intertwined broad highways that run across each other in the Riyadh City illustrate its elaborative and modernized road network system.  With a glamour of trees bedecking the city’s broad streets and avenues, Riyadh City displays a cognitive pleasure of the garden of trees which offers explicit shade to people who walk or rest beneath them (Janin and Besheer, 15).

On entering the Riyadh City, a modernized Kingdom tower which is 302 meter high is seen protruding the city center. According to Ibp (30), the Kingdom tower, which was inaugurated in 2003, has received many awards due to its spectacular modernized structure, which depicts international architectural designs. For instance, it is pointed out that in 2003, Kingdom tower was awarded the Best Skyscraper Building in the World award by the Commission of World Skyscraper. It notes that with the Kingdom tower comprising of spacious and top-standardized offices, the building provides a prestigious environment for business and continues to improve the city’s economic stability. Additionally, that the  Riyadh City comprises of more modernized buildings, such as Alfaisaliah tower, which not only offer hotelier and entertainment services, but also provide adequate and effective residential and conference services.

On the other hand, it is pointed out it the Ibp (31) that Riyadh City does not only promote international relation through its advanced and equipped King Khalid International airport, but also by its adventurous recreational sites. It is noted that Riyadh City has one of the largest zoos in the Kingdom; it is located on the eastern side of Al-Ihsa Street. It does not only promote local tourism, but foreign tourism as well. Moreover, the structural existence of a well built Al-Muraba palace by King Abdul Aziz in 1932 elaborates on the unification of ancient history and modern era in life of Riyadh City. Furthermore, according to the source, the city comprises of ancient mosques which are of great significance to the city’s religious beliefs.

Moreover, Janin and Besheer (14) note that in the centre of Riyadh there is a well established Islamic university King Saud and Imam Mohammad. Furthermore, they point out that Riyadh also hosts other college institutions and well equipped public libraries which enhance better learning standards.

Riyadh City’s Governance and Security structure

According to Janin and Besheer (15), Riyadh has a well established governance structure that enhances both local and foreign diplomatic efforts in stabilizing the city’s security. They note that Riyadh, being the centre of Arab diplomacy, has a well built diplomatic building which hosts international embassies and dignified consulates, thereby promoting security standards. They point out that the uniqueness of foreign ministry complex building does not only show a state of modernization, but illustrates how Riyadh city values international relations in enhancing security. In addition, the authors point out that the unification of traditional structural design with modern construction procedures as depicted in the Foreign Ministry Complex illustrates a peaceful existence.

On the other hand, it is noted in the Ibp (30) that Riyadh contains military colleges that instill high security standards among the security personnel. This enables the city to inhibit highly recognized security standards that not only promote human settlement, but also provide safe business environment.


In conclusion, the write up has presented Riyadh as a modernized city which proves the importance of enhancing good governance. It was noted that the Riyadh city was able to survive and grow even in times of difficult political and socio-economic situation, which resulted into the fall of many Kingdoms, due to its leader’s sense of responsibility. It was pointed out in the write up that there is a need for leaders to effectively use their statesmanship authority in enhancing economic development of the country. It has also been mentioned that there is a need to create highly effective security standards that do not threaten the business involvement, but rather improve economic investment so as to create highly valued modernized centers.

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