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Sigmund Freud

a) What Were Your Thoughts About Freud or His Work Prior To Taking This Course?

Previously, I have thought of Sigmund Freud, as a physician, physiologist, psychologist and founder of psychoanalysis. I had known of him because he is acknowledged as one of the most prominent thinkers of the twentieth century. I have read much of his literature and learned that he came up with new techniques for apprehending human behavior, which resulted in some of the most comprehensive psychology theories developed. I knew of Feud as a cocaine addict who was regarded as among the dregs of the society.

After taking this course, my thoughts about him have even heightened. I have realized that he was a remarkably imaginative and well-informed person who would critically think through something before going public with it. He could have been easily termed as an intellectual giant. Though he had many critics, he was so influential that many people supported his theories and ideas, which have had a wallop that transcends the discipline of psychology. When I later learned his reasons and started to support information regarding some of the issues he talked about, I realized that he was unusually thoughtful, and most of his words were well measured, sensible and rational. When I learned that he was a cocaine addict, I cemented my thoughts that he was a ruined person. Most of his critics have written a lot of Freud’s literature that show that the drugs negatively affected him. His theories are in most cases correct. For instance, I had a personal experience of the Psychoanalytic theory between the age of three and six. I liked my mother very much, and any time she picked a quarrel with my father I believed that my dad had done something wrong. When I later grew up, and upon reflecting, I believe that my mother was mostly the one who was wrong. I was so fond of her that I could not think of her doing something wrong. In his psychoanalytic theory, Freud had termed this as Oedipus complex (Jacobs, 2003).

b) How Have Your Thoughts Changed Your Perspective Grown To Incorporate His Theories? What Do You Or Not Agree With In His Theories?

Freud developed a theory that dealt with the subconscious part of a person, the repression theory. He sought to defend the subconscious condition, which he believed that poets and musicians had known for a long time; Freud wanted to give this condition a scientific explanation, thus the theory of suppression. Although the theory was not supported by everyone, as there were others who said that it was a result  of his over consumption of cocaine, it was a sensible line of thought. Freud also noted that humans have a strong drive to replicate things, even to the state where it is harmful to them. In defining life and death drives, Freud used a dualist approach, by which the designation of Eros automatically identifies an opposite. Thanatos and Eros both help describe one another. Thanatos and Eros interact and one can develop into the other, such an alternating of crying and laughter, love and hate. Eating preserves living but destroys that which is eaten (Freud, 1996).

Feud also developed the three parts of human psyche: Id, ego and super-ego. The Id is an significant part of human’s personality because, as infants, it allows humans to get their basic needs met.  According to Freud, Id is based on human’s pleasure principle.  Put differently, the Id wants whatsoever feels appropriate at the point, without consideration for the situation’s reality. The ego, on the other hand, is based upon the reality precept.  The ego recognizes that other individuals have wishes and desires and that at times being selfish or impulsive can hurt one in the end.  It is the ego's task to meet the desires of the Id, while taking into account the reality of the circumstances.  Lastly, Superego is the moral part of humans and develops because of the ethical and moral restraints placed on humans by their caregivers.Many liken the superego with the sense of right and wrong, as it dictates man’s conscience.

In a healthy individual, consistent with Freud, ego is the strongest in order that it can satisfy the desires of the Id, not disturb the superego, and still take into account the reality of each situation (Martin, 1998). These beliefs by Freud are plausible, and I support them.

c) What Counter Transference Reaction Have You Experienced In Regard To His Work?

Counter transference is a term used to professionally describe a situation where the professional starts to develop emotions about his or her clients. It mainly focuses on the medical field, in which the doctor is more prone to get emotionally involved due to the body contact involved. Freud has done exemplary work in the medical field and deserves applause. However, his argument against cocaine use is among the issues that have made me develop negative feelings towards him. I was brought up in a faith-rich family where everyone condemned drugs at all times. His drug use and advocacy for their use has certainly pushed me away from taking most of his works seriously. Maybe, as one of his critics would say, he was under the influence of the drug when he made most of these theories.

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