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Liberal Idealism in International Politics

In the global politics, there is always contrasting ideologies, and in most cases the winner takes it all, contrary to most other aspects of life. The commonly contrasting schools of thought in worldwide politics are the liberal ideologies and the conservatives. These two terms are significant in many forums, as a solution over an issue of global concern is normally weighed on them. When such an issue is perceived on political grounds, the winner usually takes it all. The conservatives are mostly associated with the historical elites, who favor on issues to remain as they are obviously because they favor them; while on the other hand, the liberals are commonly pushing for changes on issues. Liberal idealism is the view that people and countries that represent them are capable of finding mutual interests and cooperating to achieve them, by forming ties between countries and also by working together for the common good through international organizations and according to international law.

The Article in the New York Times on April 7, 2012, as written by Charles Kupchan, shows the state of the current world politics in the perspective of United States, coming elections. The article explores the significance of the contrasting ideologies of liberalism worldwide to the global position of the United States.  The article identifies the existing tension the West and Middle East over ideological ambitions. The article has also shown various global trends such as the Islamic war, rising of capitalism as spearheaded by China, Russia, and other developing countries. This paper therefore analysis this article on the basis of Liberal Ideology as it is impacting global states of affairs and shifting the world power from the West to the developing countries especially those in the BRIICS union.

The democrats are identified with liberal ideology and according to the article; they have a common ground with the Western primacy. This school of thought favor secular and free-market model. The issue of type of governance has caused turmoil over history, in many cases, the liberals working in favor of democratic governance, while the conservatives favor state capitalism.  From the article, it is clear that the current state of affairs in the capitalistic China and Russia is in contrast to that by United States. This point of international contention can be attributed to the dominating liberal ideologies in the United States.

In a similar manner, India and Brazil are evident opponents of the United States led strife for democracy worldwide. The article shows that both India and Brazil are opposing the West’s path of development. These two countries are establishing their positions in the liberal international order.  Both India and Brazil acts as perfect examples of the popularity of the liberal Ideologies globally, as the rising nations are describing their own fashions of modernity.

According to Kupchan (2012) there is a hard task for the United States to adjust to the loss of her ideological dominance globally. This is because the United States is faced by the need of fashioning consensus and compromise largely in the new unwieldy and diverse world. Kupchan thus argues that the current challenge facing the United Sates is not on sustaining its power, but it is adjusting to the inevitable global changes. Therefore, as the world super power country is faced by the need to adjust to the liberal ideologies, it is evident that these ideologies have taken roots globally and suppressed the conservative ideologies.

It is evident that the fall of the Soviet Union signaled the populism of democratic capitalism in the world.  This was particularly significant in the United States, because the American elite and the public gained ground in their faith over the universality of their model. This was however short-lived, because the American elites were oblivious of the sleeping giants, such as China and other developing countries. These countries are now shifting the global events with their durable alternatives of consolidated brands of modernity, through their liberalism ideologies.

The reason behind the current popularity of Liberal ideology as spearheaded by China is on how it has lifted hundreds of millions out of poverty (Kupchan, 2012). China has also taken a development route that has not been challenged by history and it offers individuals the chance of self-empowerment through entrepreneurship and technological competition. Its root is mainly based on aspects attributable to liberal ideologies, as they oppose those used by the West.

For instance, while the West’s ascent was spearheaded by the middle class, that of China is led by the state authority. Likewise, China and other developing countries have continued to embrace monarchy, through capitalism, whereby, it encourages entrepreneurial and technological development which favors her economy. This is contrary to the West ideology, which hinders entrepreneurial competitiveness. As liberal ideology adopted in the Chinese economy favors entrepreneurial and technological competitiveness, it has continued to gain ground globally.

Another crucial issue emerging from the article and associated with the liberal ideology is in regard to the Muslim world politics. In political Islam, the sacred and the secular are inseparable, while the mosque and state remain entangled. Such a stand is in opposition to liberal ideology, although these states operate under set laws based on the Koran. However, the notion over the Islamic liberalization reveals the truth that democratization is not equal to Westernization (Kupchan, 2012). This is the notion that is sent by liberalism, as it is commonly seen to be in opposition to Westernization.

In conclusion, liberalization ideologies are gaining ground in the global politics. This has been evidenced by the rising of China and other developing countries. The article by Kupchan has strongly shown the truth behind the popularity of liberal ideology, by questioning the position of the United States in the modern world. The article has also explored the contribution of different religions on the issue of liberalism. The article has managed to compare and contrast different aspects with regard to their contribution to liberal ideology. All in all, the evidenced liberalization of the world has significant input to global politics.

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