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Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

Gregor Samsa a young man is the main character in Kafka’s novelThe Metamorphosis. He is a roaming salesman residing at home with his parents and sibling. The story starts when one day he wakes up in a changed physical state. He finds himself in the body of a huge cockroach or a beetle. He is worried about himself, his folks, and his career and as he battles to carry on in his new body. With time he actually learns how to move about and how to feed. His family continues to be terrified of him. They continue to lock him in his house, throwing items at him, and conscientiously getting rid of all items from his house. He progressively live as this being, and makes him become more estranged from the genuine world. In due course, he realizes that he is just a burden on his people. His sister Grete, who used to be sympathetic and gentle, finally turns against him .After causing a lot of trouble to his family; he at last dies in his residence as the beetle into which he had became (Kafka 4).

Gregor meets his death after he is hurt by an apple dropped to him by his father. The writer shows the agony which he was encountering by explaining how he staggered about in his pains to gather all the power he could to get away. He goes on to say that he could barely keep his eyes open, his judgment became too dawdling for him to imagine of any other method of escaping the trouble other than running. He is in a state of helplessness when something falls down and rolled in close to him. He realizes that it was an apple and after that the apples come following each other. Gregor is shocked when he learns that the apples are coming from his father. He is unable to escape as his father continues to shower him with the apples. His father throws the apples without stopping. The diminutive apples rolled on the floor while hitting into each other. The apples released with less force fall against his back and slides off without hurting him. One apple conversely, suddenly in pursuit, hit directly and stuck fast in his back (Kafka 56).

Gregor needed to draw himself out of there to at least reduce the pain but it was difficult. He felt like he was glued on the spot. Gregor’s current body is depicted as very weak as it takes the form of an insect. This adds to his suffering since he is not accepted by his family members. He is even mistreated by his young sister, who stops accepting his new form. When the apples fall on his back, he was completely confused and later following the terror that struck him due to the boots worn by his father and his massive physique. The apple penetrates into his back (Billington 4).

The bit of apple that penetrates in his back causes a decaying wound. This injury causes his ultimate death. These strings of proceedings that occur represent the writer’s credence of his father’s betrayal. The apple itself is chosen to represent offensive words and ruthless disapprovals that he always received from his father. It symbolizes the strong words used by his father to abuse and harass Gregor. Additionally the wound suffered by Gregor affects him as well as being compulsory kept into his room. This affects his character because he is always lonely. The apple also symbolizes the contempt that the family had for him. The apple hit him in the back and this can be interpreted to depict how the family was avoiding him to see the dislike clearly. It is clear that he is not accepted by his family as he is. His father seems not to care about his sufferings. He is not even aware of the apples that he repeatedly throws at his son (Billington 6).

Gregor's father Samsa is the keeper of the homestead. Gregor’s job had enabled him to live comfortably. After changing to an insect, he must manage the family on the funds that he had kept over some time. However, he in the long run works to earn money with the rest of the family. It was Mr. Samsa who threw an apple at his son leaving a wound that ends his life later. Mr. Samsa, nevertheless, distant himself from his son Gregor. He pressures rapidly to her daughters wishes to get rid of the creature that they suppose is not Gregor any more (Kafka 8).

Anna is Gregor's mother who appears as a kind woman. She has a terminal asthma. She indisputably cares for Gregor’s welfare although she constantly shows fear of his body appearance.Grete is Gregor's little sister who is seventeen years old. Gregor loves her desperately. She likes playing the violin and hopes that she will eventually attend the conservatory. Initially she cares for Gregor and visits him frequently to bring food to him. She later changes her love to him to hate and actually attempts to get rid of him. It is evident that Grete hates her brother later.  On some day, we are told how the sister brought low quality food that his brother could not even consume. When she gets into the room, she does not even notice her brother. She goes ahead to slam the door only to notice it was wrong later. This shows the extent of Gregor’s vulnerability. She goes ahead to present unsuitable food wrapped with a piece of newspaper. These include an old, rotten vegetables, bones from the previous evening meal, expired sauce, and some cheese that had been unfit for his consumption. After presenting the food in unfriendly manner, she leaves him to eat (Hildebrand and Quamen3)

The mistreatment that Gregor receives from his sister is closely related to his death. The symbolism of use of an apple to cause an injury that finally causes his death is least expected. It is not also expected that he could get that kind of treatment from her younger sister. Just like the cause of his death, this shows the extent of his vulnerability. The trapeze artist is a man depicted to exhibit infinite skill and unrelenting fear and apprehension. He makes his living by audacious swinging hundreds of feet in the air above his audience. He actually hides the truth that he has difficulty traveling and swinging when he is alone. The trapeze artist's manager adores his customer and his job, and will do whatever thing to aid him.

Other characters appearing in the novel include the narrator. This is a man who is unable to understand the reason why the little woman loathes him. It appears that everything that he does seem to cause her a lot of trouble. He is also confused by the fact that he feels like he is not known by this woman. He goes on with his life the best way he can. The little woman does not speak in the novel but lives her life in continuous dread and exasperation with the narrator. Although they don’t know each other, she cannot tolerate his every action. She dislikes him so much that even her appearance is affected.The fasting-artist is portrayed as a man of clean work and straightforward ethics. His work and infatuation it is to go hungry in a spectacle for forty days. Nevertheless, his splendor days are done as nobody care to glance at him in his cage. He eventually lives in seclusion where no one understands or even cares about his honesty. He later died an ungrateful death (Hildebrand and Quamen 5)

Gregor takes the position of a caretaker in his family. This goes on until he is transformed into an insect, suffers and dies later in his room. In the story, Gregor, the main character wakes up from a bad dream and finds himself in more painful reality. When he wakes up the rain is falling. He feels depressed as the rain falls on his windows. This only marks the beginning of his difficult chances of survival amid his family members.

Mr. Samsa is short tempered. The first time he sets his eyes on his disfigured son, he chases him back to the house. He even forces him to fit into the entrance. The painful experience is the writer’s depiction of the suffering the character was going through instead of facing his father. Gregor spends too much time in his room. This is where he seeks refuge from his father’s abusive words. The writer is portrayed as to have very low esteem. At one moment when his family members are removing items from his room, he lets them remove all the items except a picture on the wall, probably the woman he wanted but failed to marry. Most of Gregor’s problems are caused by his father. This explains the reason why he wanted to keep the picture away from him (Nabokov 7).

Gregor's bodily size as an insect remains inconsistent all the way through the story. At the commencement, his body size seems to be like that of an ordinary person.  We are told that he was able open the doors for himself. We are also told that he was able to make the beddings fall off fro the bed just by filling his chest with air. This is the writer’s effort to emphasize that Gregory only felt safe and secure only inside his room. Later he becomes very vulnerable to his family members and he starts hiding under the couch and crawling all over the walls. This shows how insignificant he had become. The fact that he got an injury from an apple shows how delicate he was. Apple in this case shows something weak and yet causes a lot of suffering to him (Nabokov 8).

Just before apples start falling on him, Gregor notices that his fathers boot was quite huge. This gives us an impression that he was afraid of being stepped on by his father. The overall message is that indeed he feared his father’s emotional torment. He feared that his father will step on him emotionally as he always did. The use of apple to end his life properly depicts the abusive words and callous condemnation that his father always used when addressing him. The writer uses metaphors and symbolism skillfully to convey his information. It is clear that he shares a very bad relationship with his father. The writer also shared a similar relationship with his father. He tries to get back to him by writing a letter to him before his death. Though the letter did not actually reach his father, his message is clearly conveyed through his writings (Kafka 20).

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