The Golden Cangue by Zhang Ailing

Eileen Chang has shown an accurate understanding of the practices and mores of the declining upper class during the whole story well-known as The Golden Cangue. She has considered the heroine’s life story in regards to the constant emotional realism. At the time, Su Tong in the novella “Brothers Shu” promotes the realism perception within the realm of the tragedy. These two pieces illustrate the personal emotion behind the creation, the nature of mixed power and hatred with which both authors habitually examine their own environment. With the numerous metaphors and symbols both authors evoke an ambiance befitting the revelation of the main themes as well as project the mood suggestive of psychological realism.


Zhang Ailing is a well-known and renowned novelist from China. At time same time, she is also identified by the name Eileen Chang. One of her most popular and treasured piece of writing is considered to be The Golden Cangue. The most visible characteristics of this novella involve simple and straightforward language. In addition to this, the profoundly honest and genuine story by Ailing centers on the contradictions of the human behavior. The entire work is a very well composed literary piece that incorporates the relevant and compelling usage of symbols, metaphors, and description. Hence, the author has obtained a perfect allegory to serve as the moving correlative of her feelings, and the effect is an irresistible tragedy embodying an urgent moral thought.

The Golden Cangue was completed by Eileen Chang in 1943 and it continues to be one of her most memorable and valued novellas, which has eventually been adapted into the play. The entire story incorporates dark meaningful descriptions of the restraints of the feudal family. In addition to this, it displays the struggle of the protagonist Chi Ciao to control the business under the then system. At the same time, the story is filled with easy and intense language that won it the popularity it enjoys.

The Golden Cangue bestowed with most efficient ways of storytelling describes the destiny of the main character of the story, Cao Qiqiao, her life challenges as well as her psychological transformation. The writing methods of the story appear to bear stong related to the well- known Chinese novel The Dream of the Red Chamber which was written in the eighteen century. Although, the novella illustrates and depicts the life experiences of a female whose family makes her get married the unloved one. The difficulties of this personality that are further discussed in the novella provoke the multitude of obstacles, both material and psychological. Although she reveals the flashes of rage as a response to her forced marriage, she.cannot go against the family will. Her disappointment is further directed towards her own children. Numerous themes, symbols, and metaphors in this story reflect to the daily issues happening in the society, involving the durability and distress, conflicts within family members, and opposition between responsibility, self-fulfillment, and agreed marriage. Changs own judgements and beliefs have predefined her accurate rendering of the human activity as well as her ethical honesty within the reproducing these cases. The novel The Golden Cangue was capable to substantially and ideally represent the difficulties of a female who is pressured by her family in the unwanted marriage. Throughout the story, there is an affluence of representation as well as symbolism within the activities and dialogues of the characters who express how Chi-Cao is caught by the Cangue of the love and the Cangue of Power.

The main theme in The Golden Cangue is the unusual distress and endurance, considering the being of a female who is made to share permanent residence with the person she never loved. She is angry, depressed and desperately tired after numerous years of the difficulty. However, she ultimately gains wealth and freedom after the death of her husband. It turns out, it still did not bring Chi-Cao happiness as she recognizes that there is more about living than just spending husbands money. After the character evolution of a young Chi-Cao during the story, the reader understands that Chi-Cao transforms from a passive young character with the need for support into the one who is lightly destructive, indifferent, and imperious in her behavior. In the beginning of the story, Chi-Cao understands that she had spent her youth in an unloved marriage and that she wastes all purpose in her life. At the same time, the most prominent character development in Chi-Cao happens at the closing of the novella, as she becomes mother. In this regards, Chi-Cao dissipates all understanding, takes the drug and attempts to compel her daughter’s feet as a forethought against the fake love. This Chang explains here how this story discusses the contradictions of the human activities.

The novella The Golden Cangue involves a relevant and compelling usage of symbols, metaphors and imagery, particularly the nature description, to describe both the passionate scenes and lonely insanity of Chi-Cao. Applying titles such as There are waves beyond the table, my heart is pounding as I peek at him as Chi-Cao speaks of her love affair with Jiang Ji-Ze. The story is aesthetically pleasant and simple to understand with open and combined stage display. It has related setting boards and insignificant movement of events. The Golden Cangue is an entertaining novella that is profoundly decent and faithful to the paradoxes of human experiences and a good source to the origin of Chinese shows.

However, several comments regarding Eileen Chang are exceptional, whereas some of the observations still give room for further investigation. For instance, some scholars are absolutely correct in their judgement that artistically Eileen Changs short tales, are defined by the rich description and intense examination of human essence. However, his analysis of historical consciousness and moral interest as the two characteristics of the religious content of Eileen Changs short novels are not considered reasonable. In fact, some of Eileen Changs stories and novellas, including The Golden Cangue, are defined by historical consciousness and moral affair. In comparison, one of her other best works Love in a Fallen City exceeds the historical experience and moral capacity, which is definitely what makes these written works such extraordinary treasures.

As a consequence, the main character expresses the aspirations for influence and money within the male-dominated culture. She is as Grandmother Jia pictures all the female leaders in Chinese legislative history and Ah Q describes all the losses in the public role of the Chinese. In addition to this, she exists not only in China, however, also in the rest of the globe as it is part of human essence and not restricted to contemporary China. Therefore, in regards to The Golden Cangue as a philosophical story regarding a society dominated by control than to declare it a past record of the contemporary Chinese community. In this sense, Eileen Chang shows her unique understanding with her unsentimental doctrine of the human environment as an evil chain of potential and money, a system in which people struggle as animals covered in the trappings of culture and motivated by personal desires. The reader can consider The Golden Cangue as a story concerning peoples self-destructive as well as a cruel action within the system of control. In the story The Golden Cangue, the principal character is changed into a creature motivated by ambitions for influence and wealth, as well as the principal character in Kafkas Metamorphosis is changed into the bug.

Meantime, Su Tong, whose short story”The Brothers Shu ” was converted into a modern story. Through the story, the author narrates regarding intense sibling disputes and the family tragedy. The entire story is about the father of the Shu brothers who take on the relationship with the mother of two neighboring teenagers. At the same time, the older girl has an affair with the boy, and soon gets pregnant, and kills herself. Hence, the younger brother, much accused of bed-wetting to the age of 14, detectives on the achievements of his brother and father and endeavors retaliate by placing the house on fire. Numerous of the characters in this story are inspired by irrationality.

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One of Su Tongs well-recognized literal works, in particular in the Western society is “The Brother Shu” is represented the family saga that was published in 1993. The title of the novellas marks the authors opposition to admire the conventional family. Though the story, Su Tong investigates the origin and destruction of an inherent clan where intimacy and competition are far more noticeable than adherence to moral implications. In this work, Su Tong uses usually graphic symbols to produce the degradation of the relationship. This novella can be perceived as a veiled judgment of the Communist period, in which conventional family relations were abruptly substituted by a radical ethos. “The Brothers Shu,” by Su Tong is also a preternaturally clear vision of family sadness and bitterness that mixed together physical suffering, violent sibling competition. in addition to this, it illustrates the aborted love suicide into a brutally ridiculous Dostoyevskian goulash that reasonably blows vitriol off the book. It is challenging and delightful, restorative to the collection’s general artistic blandness. Some experts claim that Tongs affinity for the strange and Chinas folkloric history presents his stories as pointless one because he ignored the more serious present. On the cover, “The Brothers Shu,’ seems to be an evaluation of Chinas patriarchal culture as well as the gender governments. The melancholy mood of the story, a definite deviation from Red Sorghums celebratory nature, forms at least as well to mention about the feudalism.

The main themes of the story turn around the love and human hunger for the potential and wealth. It also describes the common authority in Chinese family relations with regard to the age and status. Su Tong applies the living trajectory of Qi-Qiao to explain how avarice for the control and wealth drives to great difficulties for herself and obtained anger from everyone. The conception of a female hero also highlights how females fight to change their positions in the family. An instance would be when Qi-Qiao challenges her useless husband by stealing away his meditating beans, examining the gender standards.

There is additional evidence of a planned political analysis is discussed in Su Tongs story. Despite happened features, the main theme is never completely explained. It either observed from a background but throughout the novel, its appearance is felt on each edge. This off-screen method, together with renewed evidence to customs and laws, also recommends that determined, iron-fisted Chinese governance can connect to and have its origins in the feudalistic history. Reading the story “The Brothers Shu” following the mysterious realism system also enables readers to make links between the emerging behavior of the derivation and its religious tenants in the novella In addition to this, the problems posed in the story in the front section that include the connection between truth, fiction, images, and perception.

The Su Tongs “Brother Shu” represents family actions, love connections, and marriages that involve the normal life, it shows the enduring irregularities in human essence that lie below the facade of the life, the irregularities of human aspirations for the power and money. Su Tong repressed wishes during the years have been released and gone insane. In addition to this, he provides restraint to the desires and satisfies himself in doing whatever he wants. The story “The Brother Shu” expressing the world of the power and money, entertains the nastiest and meanest features of the environment, however, it keeps people under its charm and gives them to feel themselves free.

Ritual estimates in particular in some of Su Tong’s movies, usually as a source of illustrating shared events symbolically and with strength and elegance. Su Tong’s perception is itself united to the concept of the ritual in striking ways. It is well to remind the reader that ceremony is at the heart of Chinese society and that the concept of li is intimately related to social standards and honesty in the Confucian culture. Furthermore, in Communist nations custom plays a fundamental role in numerous types of the symbolic language.

Su Tong’s literature can be defined as dramas of passion and awareness. The strong optical energy, the pulsing covers of erotic passion, the joyful singing of life, the bright pictures, and the description of social worlds thick and deep in texture keep a particular interest to local as well as the global public. The styles in which Su Tong reflects the current of awareness through representational approaches of melodrama represents the unique aspect of his awareness and values profound examination. Su Tong, it shows, the fact is a dramatic scene that has to be taken in all its clarity and natural power. Compare to Su Tong, the Eileen Chang has displayed an accurate understanding of the customs and mores of the declining upper class in the story “The Golden Cangue”, and has studied the heroine’s life in terms of a constant realism. However, what raises this understanding and this authenticity into the range of tragedy is the particular feeling of nature, the character of combined power and fear with which the writer habitually examines her environment. Within “The Golden Cangue” Eileen Chang has gained a comprehensive story to assist as the tense correlative of her feelings. As the result, an overwhelming tragedy includes an acute ethical vision.

There numerous statements regarding the historical nature of Eileen Changs short story. At the same time, most her works, including “The Golden Cangue” are characterized by the strong historical nature. In addition to this, it reflects Eileen Chang to be honest and serious historian. Moreover, some schools emphasize that Eileen Changs incorporates the moral matters, claiming that her novella can encourage readers to consider moral problems. In this regards, Eileen Chang highlights the difference between style and sordidness in her description to extend moral reasons. The single difference between Eileen Chang’s stories and its that he Golden Cangue is not overtly educational. Despite this fact, Eileen Chang is distinct from the Western writers of consciousness novels, for she refuses the proposal of a stream of awareness to dispense with weightier ethical matters.

The Golden Cangue by Eileen Chang and The Brothers Shu by Su Tong transmit a multiplicity of veiled messages regarding the essence of the globe and the nature of humankind. In addition to this, these both works depict the stupidity of the people, and also the unpredictability of the human destiny and the unreliability of love in the life. In his world, the assumptions of accuracy and falsity, genuinity and wickedness, causes and consequences, the right and injustice are unnecessary, only as they are of an extraordinary nature. As it defeats the limitations of these assumptions, it describes the difficulties the humankind will always encounter. Regrettably, both authors did not recognize their own capacity. So they considered their popularity had expanded from their descriptions of regular people and arrangement, which reaches in polarity to aggression.

In addition to this, she considers that regular people describe the society within its aggregate greater than characters. In the reality, this comment is right or does not depend on whether the writer lived in the period of the poetry or the prose.According to Hegel, the antique times, when heroes, deeds, conflicts, and revolutions were regarded as significant representations, can be described as the era of poetry. In these times heroes, of course, designed community better than average people. Despite this fact, the society described in the novel The Golden Cangue is very common for the contemporary period in that it does not have models, goals, or disorders that would evoke crucial shifts in the lifestyles of people. Within these dull from a romantic point of view conditions, it just ordinary people who can certainly design the better society without having to be heroes. Hence, Eileen Chang did not realize that her victory emerged not from her abilities in describing common characters. Her real talent appeared within the philosophical, universal, and eternal nature as she exceeded the limits of statesmanship, government confines, and history.

To conclude, both stories including The Golden Cangue written by Eileen Chang and Su Tong’s The Brothers Shu are considered to be best works in frames of the psychological realism. First of all, The Golden Cangue and Brothers Shu are defined and distinguished by their philosophical recognition rather than the historical content and essence. In particular, even in her early writing, Eileen Chang demonstrates her talent as a philosopher and psychologist more than that of a biographer. These two equal in their approaches stories involve the reader immediately into the social evaluation of the Chinese states generation of eugenic studies linked to the previous generation. Both works reveal within the allegory and symbolism the connection between the feminine and the social differences plaguing modern China. In addition to this, either of the authors illustrates a fictional environment where Chinese reality has produced its own image in the form of the outrageous, alienated society born from psychological and physical breakdown and closing within the material interpretation of comfort.